Helpful Hints
Crate Training and Housebreaking;
They Go Together

Crate training satisfies a natural instinct for your dog-
one inherited from the Wolf- to sleep and rest in a den.

It's important because it will curb all sorts of destructive behavior,
from digging to chewing to house soiling.
Traveling is easier with a crate,
and your puppy will be less afraid when it is crated at the groomer
or veterinarian if it also has one at home.

At full growth your dog should be able to lie comfortably on it's side,
stand, sit or turn without difficulty in its crate.

Place the crate in a room where the dog will feel like part of the family.
Make sure you place comfortable bedding inside
to make it appealing for you puppy.

Patience and Praise
The more patient and consistent you are in teaching your puppy
house training rules, the more quickly he will learn.

Dogs are instinctively clean animals and will learn
due to praise and good timing on your part.

*Establish a routine.
*Feed your puppy at regularly scheduled times,
preferably 3 times daily.
*Most puppies will want to relieve themselves right after eating.
*Do not allow access to food all day long.
*Go outside with your pup so you can praise it for going potty.
*Choose 1 or 2 "toilet areas" your puppy can associate with going potty.
*Keep an eye on your pup while it's inside the house.
*If you catch him in the act, shout or toss something near to startle him.
Then immediately take him out and if he finishes outside,
make sure the pup knows he is a good puppy.
*Puppy should be confined, preferable in its crate.
This helps build bladder and bowel control-
although you still need to let it out every couple of hours.

Toys- Learn to Play, Play to Learn

Time To Bond
Toys can help your puppy adjust to his new home.
Make your play time a bonding time and praise the puppy for playing with his toys.

Toys can be your ally in training your puppy:
Toys divert your puppy's energy and prevent destructive chewing.

They are a stress reliever for puppies- you leave your puppy alone,
he has his toys and feels less isolated.

Legal Toys
Your puppy has an active mind and needs lots of exercise.

Toys are very important to have around so you can teach your puppy
what he can and cannot play with.

Everything looks like a toy to a puppy,
so you need to have something "legal" for him to play with and chew
on when he goes for the power cord (VERY illegal).

Many puppy owners rotate toys to keep them interesting and fresh.

Toys can aid in crate training, prevent harmful chewing
and help your puppy get the exercise he needs.
Counter

Dull Fur and Flaky, Itchy Skin
Add salmon and sardines to regular dry dog food.
Fatty acids are good for your pet's hair, skin, heart, and joints.
Fish oil can also be added to a dog's diet,
as it is an excellent anti-inflammatory and good for immune system support as well.

Diarrhea
Try the following potato diet to reduce loose stools and diarrhea, but only for 5 to 7 days,
as it is not an appropriate maintenance diet. See a vet if original problem returns.

Potato Stew Recipe
Ingredients: White potatoes, sweet potatoes, turnip, slice of leek, boiled chicken or beef
Instructions: Boil vegetables until stew-like and mix with the boiled meat --
which should be equal to 30 percent of the total recipe.

Intestinal Support
A meal of equal parts canned pumpkin and boiled chicken is good for diarrhea and intestinal support.

Ear Infections
If your pet has an ear infection,
try mixing 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar into 1/3 cup water in a glass.
Using a pediatric syringe, insert the mixture directly into your dog's ears.

Cancer Prevention
To help prevent cancer in your animal, serve the following, cooked:
broccoli, yellow squash, kelp, carrots, and sweet potatoes.
Adding fish oil to your dog's food helps as well.

Nausea and Motion Sickness
If your animal is nauseous, make a tea with ginger and peppermint sprigs
and administer into your dog's mouth using a pediatric syringe.

Healthy Teeth and Gums
To promote healthy teeth and gums, give your dog raw neck bones,
marrow bones, raw carrots, and bully sticks and straps --
they are great for gnawing because they strengthen the teeth and exercise the jaw.

Animal Burns and Skin Irritations
If your pet experiences a skin irritation, simply take a cut leaf from an aloe plant,
and apply directly to the wound or irritated area.


Foods to Avoid

Raisins and Grapes
There is an unknown toxic compound in the "fleshy" part of the grape.
Many dogs like raisins and grapes.
They should only be given in a very limited amount on an infrequent basis,
and should not be left where a dog or cat can have access to them.
The unknown toxin damages the kidneys.

Chocolate
Chocolate contains obromine, which is toxic to dogs in sufficient quantities.

Onions
Onions contain N-propyl disulphide, which destroys red blood cells in cats,
causing a form of anemia called Heinz body anemia.

Garlic
Garlic contains a similar substance as onions in a lesser amount.
Toxic Holiday Plants

Holly (Ilex sp.). This plant, commonly found around Christmas time, can cause intense vomiting and
diarrhea. Mental depression can also occur.


Amaryllis (Amaryllis spp). Ingestion can result in vomiting, diarrhea, depression, lack of appetite,
tremors, drooling and abdominal pain.


Mistletoe (Phoradendron spp.). This plant, another Christmas plant, can also cause significant vomiting
and diarrhea. In addition, this plant has been associated with difficulty breathing, slowed heart rate,
collapse and, if a lot is ingested, death has occurred.

Some animals may even show erratic behavior and possible hallucinations.


Poinsettia (Euphorbia). This plant can cause irritation to the mouth and stomach and sometimes vomiting.
It has a low level of toxicity and is overrated as a toxic plant. Many people consider it basically non-toxic.


Christmas cactus, Thanksgiving cactus, Easter cactus (Schlumbergera or Zygocactus). In dogs, if
large quantities of this plant are ingested, vomiting, possibly with blood, diarrhea, possibly with blood and
mental depression have been reported. With small ingestions, typically there are no signs of toxicity. These
plants are considered low toxicity plants.

Some less common toxic winter holiday plants include:


American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens). Ingestion results in weakness, vomiting and seizures.


European bittersweet (Solanum dulcamara). Ingestion results in drooling, vomiting, diarrhea,
depression, lack of appetite, weakness, confusion and low heart rate.


Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium). Ingestion results in vomiting, diarrhea,
depression, drooling and lack of appetite.


Christmas rose (Helleborus niger). Ingestion results in abdominal pain, vomiting,
bloody diarrhea and delirium.


Jerusalem cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicuni). Ingestion results in vomiting, diarrhea,
mouth ulcers, seizures, mental depression, respiratory depression, shock and death.


Autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale). Ingestion of the bulbs results in mouth irritation,
bloody vomiting, diarrhea, shock, kidney failure, liver damage

and bone marrow suppression.


Thanksgiving cactus (Zygocactus truncactus). Ingestion results in vomiting,
diarrhea and depression. Cats also can develop staggering.


Christams palm (Veitchia merrillii). This plant is considered nontoxic.


Christmas orchid (Cattleya trianaei). This plant is considered nontoxic.


Christmas dagger fern (Polystichym spp). This plant is considered nontoxic.


Mistletoes cactus (Thipsalis cassutha). This plant is considered nontoxic.


Burning bush (Euronymous alatus). Ingestion can result in vomiting, diarrhea,
depression and lack of appetite.

A surprisingly large number of common garden and household plants are toxic to pets, and reactions to toxicity
range from mild to life-threatening. Pets, like young children, explore the world with their senses, and they are
therefore vulnerable to accidental poisoning.  Many of these plants make wonderful additions to the  garden, but it
is important to know which plants are toxic.  If possible, avoid planting these where pets (or children) will have
frequent unsupervised access to the plants.
The 12 plants listed below are responsible for the majority of calls to our Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital
(VMTH) about possible plant poisoning. The list was compiled by Director of Pharmacy Dr. Valerie Wiebe. The
toxicity of the plants below varies according to the species of animal exposed (cat, dog, bird, etc.), the amount of
the plant that was ingested, and  the specific variety or species of the plant.
If you suspect your pet has ingested any of the plants below, call your veterinarian immediately.  Do not wait to
see if symptoms appear, because in some cases of poisoning, by the time symptoms appear it is too late to save the
animal.

1.  
Lilies (Lilium, all spp.): Ingesting any part of the plant can cause complete kidney failure in 36-72 hours. First
symptoms appear in a few hours and may include appetite suppression, lethargy, vomiting.  Cats are especially
sensitive to lily poisoning, so be very careful to keep your cats away from liliies of any kind, including the
Amaryllis, Easter lilies, and Stargazer lilies so often found in homes around the holidays.
2.
Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis): Ingesting any part of the plant can cause cardiac dysrhythmias,
vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, weakness, and even death. (Photo courtesy of freebigpictures.com web site).
3.
 Anemone (Anenome and Pulsatilla, family Ranunculaceae): Irritating to the mucus membranes, and can cause
blisters, hemorrhagic gastritis, shock, convulsions, and death. (Photo is Japanese Anemone).
4.
Aloe Vera (family Liliaceae): Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, anorexia, tremors, change in urine color.
5.
 Amaryllis (family Amaryllidaceaea, incl. Hippeastrum spp.) All species, including Belladonna Lily, are toxic, and
especially dangerous to cats. The bulbs are the toxic part of the plant.  The "Amaryllis" commonly seen during the
December holidays are Hippeastrum species.  Symptoms include vomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pain,
hyper-salivation, anorexia, tremors.  (Photo courtesy of Ellen Zagory, UC Davis Arboretum).
6.
 Asparagus Fern (family Liliaceae): Allergic dermatitis, gastric upset, vomiting, diarrhea.
7.  
 Daffodil (Narcissus): Vomiting, diarrhea. Large ingestions cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors,
cardiac arrhythmias.
8.  
 Philodendrons: Irritation, intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips, tongue, excessive drooling,
vomiting, difficulty swallowing.
9.
Jade Plants (Crassula argentea): Vomiting, depressions, ataxia, slow heart rate.
10.
 Chrysanthemums: Vomiting, diarrhea, hyper salivation, incoordination, dermatitis.
11.  
Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum): The tubers or rhizomes contain the toxic glycoside cyclanin, a terpenoid
saponin.  Ingestion can cause excess salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, heart rhythm abnormalities, seizures, or even
death in rare cases.
12.
Cycads (including Sago palm; cardboard palm; etc.): The "Sago palm" is a cycad, not a true palm, and all parts
of the plant are poisonous. Symptoms include vomiting, lethargy, melena (black "tarry" feces), icterus (jaundice),
increased thirst, hemorrhagic gastritis, bruising, coagulopathy, liver failure, and death.  A northern California
police dog, a patient at one of our Companion Animal Memorial Fund donor clinics, died in November 2011 after
ingesting parts of this plant.

Common plants that are highly toxic but only rarely ingested by pets include:

Angel's Trumpet (Brugmansia spp.)
Castor bean (Ricinus communis)
Daphne (Daphne spp.)
Deathcamas & Meadow Deathcamas (Zigadenus venenosus)
English yew (Taxus baccata)
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
Jimson weed or Devil's Trumpet (many common names) (Datura spp.)
Nicotiana/Tobacco plants (all spp.)
Oleander (Nerium Oleander)
Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum)
Pokeweed (Phytilacca americana)
Tree tobacco (Nicotiana glauca)
Western water hemlock (Cicuta douglasii)
Yew (Taxus cuspidata)


Pets and Toxic Plants